Antimicrobial potential of eucalyptus oil and lemongrass oil alone and in combination against clinical bacteria in planktonic and biofilm mode

Iram Liaqat, Amna Asgar


The use of natural substances has been trending from past few years. In recent years, the synthetic products obtained from plants have gained immense importance. Essential oils and volatile products obtained from plants are the source of food flavoring, aroma products and fragrance industries. Their use is also common to cure different ailments such as cancer, skin problems and nosocomial infections. Vast research has shown the antimicrobial properties of essential oils obtained from plants. Essential oils of lemongrass and eucalyptus have antiviral, antibacterial, antioxidant and insecticidal characteristics. Lemongrass and eucalyptus oils shows their antibacterial activity towards Gram positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. Combination of these oils also depicts high antimicrobial activity against different strains of bacteria. This review highlights the use of essential oils of lemongrass and eucalyptus for their in vitro antimicrobial properties against different bacteria in planktonic and biofilm mode. Mode of action by which the oil shows its inhibitory activity will be discussed. Susceptibility shown by different bacteria towards these essential oils and their components will be described


Antimicrobial activity; Antibiofilm activity; Eucalyptus oil; Lemongrass oil; Mode of action

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